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 Swapping BA Instruments
Document Description

This Document Describes the differences between various models of Instrument Clusters fitted to the BA Series Falcons, Fairlanes, LTD's and GTs.
It also has information on Upgrading an Instrument Cluster, modifications that need to be made, wiring information, and some points to watch out for when performing these upgrades.

The AUI series of Falcons brought with them two general models of Instrument Clusters that were fitted to the various models of these vehicles.
Within these two models, there were three Backlighting colour variations, and three Background variations.
This arrangement may sound somewhat confusing, but it allowed ford to make many Cluster variations, without using too many part variations.
The different cluster models include,
  • XT and Futura Clusters, using the Base Cluster, green backlighting, plain cluster surround, and plain instrument background.
  • XR6, XR6 Turbo, XR8 Clusters, using the Base Cluster, blue backlighting, brushed cluster surround, and XR instrumentation background.
  • Fairmont and Fairmont Ghia Clusters, using the high series cluster, White background, brushed cluster surround, and plain instrumentation background.
  • Fairlane Ghia, Fairlane G220, LTD Clusters, using the high series cluster, blue background, brushed cluster surround, and plain instrumentation background.
  • GT and GT-P Clusters, using the high series cluster, blue background, brushed cluster surround, and FPV instrument cluster background.
    NOTE : The XR series, GT and GT-P Cluster have a recalibrated speedometer with a maximum speed of 260Km/Hr instead of 220Km/Hr for all other clusters.
  • BA XT and Futura Series Clusters

    The BA XT and Futura Series Clusters have the following Features
  • Green Illumination, with Red Coloured Cluster Needles
  • 220Km Electronic Speedo, with 20Km Speed Numeral Markings, and 5Km Line Markings
  • 7000 RPM Tacho, with 1000RPM Numeral Markings, and 250RPM Line Markings
  • Fuel Gauge with Electronic Dampening with Low Fuel Warning Lamp
  • Fuel Cut off warning indicator
  • Temperature Gauge, with high Temperature warning Lamp
  • Seatbelt Warning Lamp and Chime
  • Smartsheild Warning Lamp
  • Park Brake Warning Lamp
  • Brake Fail Warning Lamp
  • ABS Warning Lamp
  • Turn Signal and High Beam Indicators
  • Lights on with Ignition off warning
  • Low Oil Warning Lamp
  • Door Ajar Indicator
  • Air Bag Fault indicator
  • Auto Transmission Mode/Position Display on LCD Panel
  • Cruise Control Indicator (where fitted)
  • Over speed display and warning chime
  • Distance to Empty Calculation and Warning
  • Traction Control Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Throttle fault indicator
  • Odometer and Trip Meter Display
  • Fog Lamps Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Hazard Lamps Switch
  • Trip Computer Button
  • Instrumentation Dimming Button
  • BA XR Series Clusters

    The BA XR Series Instrument Cluster Switched Off The BA XR Series Instrument Cluster Switched On and Illuminated
    The BA XR Series Clusters have the following Features
  • Blue Illumination, with Red Coloured Cluster Needles
  • 260Km Electronic Speedo, with 20Km Speed Numeral Markings, and 5Km Line Markings
  • 7000 RPM Tacho, with 1000RPM Numeral Markings, and 250RPM Line Markings
  • Fuel Gauge with Electronic Dampening with Low Fuel Warning Lamp
  • Fuel Cut off warning indicator
  • Temperature Gauge, with high Temperature warning Lamp
  • Seatbelt Warning Lamp and Chime
  • Smartsheild Warning Lamp
  • Park Brake Warning Lamp
  • Brake Fail Warning Lamp
  • ABS Warning Lamp
  • Turn Signal and High Beam Indicators
  • Lights on with Ignition off warning
  • Low Oil Warning Lamp
  • Door Ajar Indicator
  • Air Bag Fault indicator
  • Auto Transmission Mode/Position Display on LCD Panel
  • Cruise Control Indicator (where fitted)
  • Over speed display and warning chime
  • Distance to Empty Calculation and Warning
  • Traction Control Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Throttle fault indicator
  • Odometer and Trip Meter Display
  • Fog Lamps Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Hazard Lamps Switch
  • Trip Computer Button
  • Instrumentation Dimming Button
  • BA Fairmont and Fairmont Ghia Series Clusters

    The BA Fairmont Cluster / Unlit and switched off The BA Fairmont Cluster / Illuminated and Switched On
    The BA Fairmont and Fairmont Ghia Series Clusters have the following Features
  • White Illumination, with Red Coloured Cluster Needles
  • 220Km Electronic Speedo, with 20Km Speed Numeral Markings, and 5Km Line Markings
  • 7000 RPM Tacho, with 1000RPM Numeral Markings, and 250RPM Line Markings
  • Fuel Gauge with Electronic Dampening with Low Fuel Warning Lamp
  • Fuel Cut off warning indicator
  • Temperature Gauge, with high Temperature warning Lamp
  • Seatbelt Warning Lamp and Chime
  • Smartsheild Warning Lamp
  • Park Brake Warning Lamp
  • Brake Fail Warning Lamp
  • ABS Warning Lamp
  • Turn Signal and High Beam Indicators
  • Lights on with Ignition off warning
  • Low Oil Warning Lamp
  • Door Ajar Warning System, with multiple door warnings on LCD Panel
  • Low Washer Fluid Level Warning on LCD Panel
  • Air Bag Fault indicator
  • Auto Transmission Mode/Position Display on LCD Panel
  • Cruise Control Indicator (where fitted)
  • Over speed display and warning chime
  • Distance to Empty Calculation and Warning
  • Traction Control Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Throttle fault indicator
  • Odometer and Trip Meter Display
  • Fog Lamps Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Hazard Lamps Switch
  • Instrumentation Dim Button
  • Instrumentation Brighten Button
  • BA Fairlane Ghia, G220 and LTD Series Clusters

    The BA Fairlane Ghia, Fairlane G220 and LTD Series Clusters have the following Features
  • Blue Illumination, with Red Coloured Cluster Needles
  • 220Km Electronic Speedo, with 20Km Speed Numeral Markings, and 5Km Line Markings
  • 7000 RPM Tacho, with 1000RPM Numeral Markings, and 250RPM Line Markings
  • Fuel Gauge with Electronic Dampening with Low Fuel Warning Lamp
  • Fuel Cut off warning indicator
  • Temperature Gauge, with high Temperature warning Lamp
  • Seatbelt Warning Lamp and Chime
  • Smartsheild Warning Lamp
  • Park Brake Warning Lamp
  • Brake Fail Warning Lamp
  • ABS Warning Lamp
  • Turn Signal and High Beam Indicators
  • Lights on with Ignition off warning
  • Low Oil Warning Lamp
  • Door Ajar Warning System, with multiple door warnings on LCD Panel
  • Low Washer Fluid Level Warning on LCD Panel
  • Air Bag Fault indicator
  • Auto Transmission Mode/Position Display on LCD Panel
  • Cruise Control Indicator (where fitted)
  • Over speed display and warning chime
  • Distance to Empty Calculation and Warning
  • Traction Control Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Throttle fault indicator
  • Odometer and Trip Meter Display
  • Fog Lamps Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Hazard Lamps Switch
  • Instrumentation Dim Button
  • Instrumentation Brighten Button
  • BA GT and GT-P Series Clusters

    The BA GT and GT-P Series Clusters have the following Features
  • Blue Illumination, with Red Coloured Cluster Needles, and FPV Instrumentation Background
  • 260Km Electronic Speedo, with 20Km Speed Numeral Markings, and 5Km Line Markings
  • 7000 RPM Tacho, with 1000RPM Numeral Markings, and 250RPM Line Markings
  • Fuel Gauge with Electronic Dampening with Low Fuel Warning Lamp
  • Fuel Cut off warning indicator
  • Temperature Gauge, with high Temperature warning Lamp
  • Seatbelt Warning Lamp and Chime
  • Smartsheild Warning Lamp
  • Park Brake Warning Lamp
  • Brake Fail Warning Lamp
  • ABS Warning Lamp
  • Turn Signal and High Beam Indicators
  • Lights on with Ignition off warning
  • Low Oil Warning Lamp
  • Door Ajar Warning System, with multiple door warnings on LCD Panel
  • Low Washer Fluid Level Warning on LCD Panel
  • Air Bag Fault indicator
  • Auto Transmission Mode/Position Display on LCD Panel
  • Cruise Control Indicator (where fitted)
  • Over speed display and warning chime
  • Distance to Empty Calculation and Warning
  • Traction Control Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Throttle fault indicator
  • Odometer and Trip Meter Display
  • Fog Lamps Indicator (Where Fitted)
  • Hazard Lamps Switch
  • Instrumentation Dim Button
  • Instrumentation Brighten Button
  • Instrument Cluster Removal

    The following instructions entail information for removing the BA Instrument Cluster from the vehicle.
  • 1) Drop the steering column by pulling the steering column lever down, and adjusting the steering wheel.
  • 2) Below the Instrument Cluster, peel back the rubber shroud between the Instrument cluster, and the Steering column, from the top, by disengaging the rubber clips
  • The BA Instrument Cluster, Lower Mounting Screw Position
  • 3) Remove the 2 screws hidden behind the Rubber shroud, holding the cluster in place.
  • 4) Remove the 3 screws holding the top of the instrument cluster in place.
  • 5) Disconnect the 2 wiring plugs from the back of the instrument cluster, and gently remove the instrument cluster from the vehicle.
  • Upgrading and swapping Instrument Clusters

    With the advent of the BA series of vehicles, the Electrical system has been revised to allow for complete use of the Bosch CAN BUS system.
    To put this simply, What this means is that in terms of wiring, each instrument cluster utilises the same electrical connectors, and will pull/feed the same sort of information on the vehicles BUS.
    Unfortunately though, there are some factors that you will need to keep in mind when swapping clusters around from different models.
    These factors include,
  • 1) The Traction Control Warning LED, and Speedo CAN Input needs to be configured via the WDS System. If enabled on a non Traction Control Equipped vehicle, the warning lamp will remain permanently on. This is required in order for the instrument cluster to determine if it should get its Speedo information from the Traction Control Module, or from the Power train Control Module on the CAN Bus.
  • 2) High Series Clusters display the Trip Computer Information on the ICC Display, and not on the Instrument Cluster.
  • 3) High Series Clusters do not have the trip computer button fitted, using instead dual backlighting dimmer buttons.
  • 4) Door output warnings are obtained from the ICC, via the CAN BUS. All series falcons have all doors wired to the ICC, so utilising this feature does not require additional wiring.
  • 5) There are a number of programmable modes available for all clusters, including Police Mode, odometer reading, etc. These Programmable modes are discussed later.
  • 6) There is no Electrical, or Calibration Difference within the speedometer sections of the cluster, in terms of different Factory fitted Diffs, wheel, and Tyre Ratios. Changing Clusters will not alter the Factory speedometer readings.
  • 7) Speedo Calibration settings are programmed via the WDS, and are set within the Vehicle Identification Block, held within the Power train Control Module, and NOT the Instrument Cluster.
  • 8) It is not possible to use an XR/GT/GT-P Series Face, on a non XR/GT/GT-P Series Cluster ! This is due to the Maximum speed on the cluster face, which means that the speed increments are slightly compressed.
    The XR/GT/GT-P Series Cluster circuit board takes this compression in consideration when moving the speedometer needle, and as such, you would need to swap the complete cluster over to use the XR Face.

    As Information becomes available on swapping the BA Clusters, this information will be updated accordingly.
  • Swapping Odometer Readings

    Obviously, when swapping Instrument clusters, you will want to keep the same Odometer Readings for your vehicle.
    At present, the only known method for changing the Odometer reading is by taking the cluster to an Authorised Ford Service Department, and requesting the new cluster to be re-programmed.
    Cluster Programming is achieved by using a Ford World Diagnostic System (WDS), by selecting the update Odometer value.
    The Odometer value can be programmed to any value between 0km and 999,999km, providing the following cluster conditions have been met,
  • The replacement cluster odometer value is less than 100km
  • The replacement cluster has had its odometer set less than three times
  • The replacement clusters odometer will immediately be updated (+0/-1) and a permanent (un erasable) DTC will be set if the was set to a value greater than 100km.

    Note : If fitting a brand new Instrument Cluster, the Odometer Reading will be Zero.
    Unfortunately, it looks like changing the odometer reading on used clusters may be impossible until the EEPROM chip (If used) is discovered.
  • Clusters Programmable Modes using the Ford WDS

    The BA Instrument Clusters have a number of programmable modes which can be set using the Ford World Diagnostic System (WDS).
    Unfortunately, if you are considering swapping Instrument Clusters on a BA Falcon, you will probably need to have some of these features programmed for your cluster to function correctly with your vehicle.
    These Programmable modes include,
  • Vehicle Fuel Table to use - This setting is used to determine the Fuel Level Gauge Calibration, for using clusters in vehicles that have different sized Fuel Tanks.
    Valid settings include Unleaded, LPG, Sedan and Wagon tanks.
  • Traction Control Fitted - This setting is used to determine where the cluster obtains it Speedo Readings.
    If Traction control is fitted, then the speedometer readings are obtained from the Traction control unit, via the CAN BUS.
    If traction control is not fitted, then the speedometer readings are obtained either from the speedometer sender, or via the ABS Module speedometer Output pin (If ABS is fitted) via the Power train Control Module.
  • Police Mode Enabled - Unlike previous falcon models (EF-AU), there is no dedicated Police Cluster.
    The Police mode can be enabled on XT, Futura, and XR instrument clusters, but in doing so, some features and display information will be disabled, and other information will get shuffled around to make room for the Digital Speedo Information.
    Firstly, Tripmeter B is disabled when Police Mode is enabled. (Tripmeter A is moved from the speedometer LCD panel to the Tacho LCD Panel)
    Only the Distance to Empty Trip Computer function is made available in the Tacho LCD panel when in Police Mode (Average fuel consumption, instant fuel consumption and trip time will be unavailable)
    The Odometer reset button is used to scroll between the Distance to Empty and the Tripmeter A Display in the Tacho Display area.
    The Speedo LCD panel will display "P" for Police mode, and the digital speed of the vehicle.
    The Trip Computer Button now functions as a Digital Speedo Freeze Button. Depressing this button whilst driving will freeze the digital speed reading. Holding this button down for a period of 3 seconds will restore the digital speed readings.
  • Seatbelt Audible Reminder On/Off - This feature can also be changed by the vehicles owner.
    This setting either switches the Seatbelt audible reminder On or Off, if the drivers seatbelt is not fastened, and the vehicle is being driven at speeds greater than 5Km/Hr
    The seatbelt minder option can be set/disabled using the following procedure,
  • 1) Buckle the seatbelt
  • 2) Turn the Ignition switch to the On position, without starting the engine.
  • 3) Press and hold the Hazard Switch
  • 4) Whilst the Hazard switch is depressed, Unbuckle, then buckle the seatbelt
  • 5) Release the Hazard light switch

    When purchasing a new Instrument Cluster from Ford, the following settings will be set by default,
  • 0 Kilometres set for the odometer reading
  • Sedan Petrol Map Selected
  • Police Mode Disabled
  • Traction Control Fitted
  • Seatbelt Audible warning enabled
  • Information that is Transmitted via the CAN Bus

    The following information is transmitted via the CAN Bus by the Cluster, for use as Inputs to the various modules fitted to the vehicle.
    These signals are driven from inputs on the instrument cluster, and are consequently fed to the CAN Bus via the Instrument Cluster.
  • Damped Fuel Level
  • Instantaneous fuel usage input
  • Fuel Empty
  • Fuel Sender Fail
  • Park Lamps On
  • Park Brake On
  • Auto Headlamps On
  • Battery Voltage Level
  • Switches Illumination Level
  • LCD Illumination Level
  • Average Speed
  • Average Economy Mode
  • Average Economy
  • Travel Time
  • Range
  • Instantaneous Economy Mode
  • Display Distance to Empty
  • Odometer
  • Odometer Overflow

    The following information is received via the CAN Bus by the Cluster, from the various Inputs being feed to the various modules fitted to the vehicle.
    Information transmitted on the can bus to the cluster is not hard wired to the cluster itself, but rather transmitted from other electrical modules fitted to the vehicle.
  • Engine RPM (Fed via the PCM)
  • Vehicle Speed (Fed via the PCM)
  • Coolant Temperature (Fed via the PCM)
  • Odometer count (Fed via the PCM)
  • Fuel Pulse(Fed via the PCM)
  • Oil Pressure warning (Fed via the PCM)
  • Cruise Warning (Fed via the PCM)
  • ETC Warning (Fed via the PCM)
  • Flash Security Warning (Fed via the PCM)
  • Manual Transmission (Fed via the PCM)
  • PRND (Fed via the PCM)
  • Transmission overheat (Fed via the PCM)
  • Transmission Fail (Fed via the PCM)
  • Over speed active (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Over speed mode switch (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Over speed up switch (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Over speed down switch (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Reset average speed (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Reset average economy (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Reset Trip Time (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • External LCD Illumination On (Fed via the Central Display Unit)
  • Front Right Door ajar (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Front Left Door ajar (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Rear Right Door ajar (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Front Left Door ajar (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Boot Lid Door ajar (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Rear demister on (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Low Wash Warning (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Headlamp Fail (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Hazard Flash Request (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Security warning on (Fed via the Body Electronics Module)
  • Traction Control System Warning (Fed via the traction Control System)
  • Wiring Information for the BA Instrument Clusters

    BA Falcon 20 Pin Instrument Cluster Connector
    The BA Instrument Cluster 20 Pin Wiring Connector
    Pin 1 - Illumination (5W) Negative PWM Illumination Feed Blue / Red
    Pin 2 CAN Low Serial CAN Communications Data Line (Twisted Pair Balanced Network) Pink Blue
    Pin 3 CAN High Serial CAN Communications Data Line (Twisted Pair Balanced Network) Brown / Yellow
    Pin 4 Fog Lights Warning Lamp 0V Off, 12V Fog Lights On Brown / White
    Pin 5 Not Used    
    Pin 6 Ground 0 Volts Black
    Pin 7 Seatbelt/Airbag Audible Warning 0 Volts Active Orange
    Pin 8 Fuel Cut Off Warning Lamp 0 Volts On Red
    Pin 9 High Beam Warning Lamp +12V On Green / Orange
    Pin 10 Park Light On +12 Volts On Brown
    Pin 11 Auto Headlamps Switch Input 0V Off, +12V Switch On Yellow / White
    Pin 12 Park Brake Warning Lamp Ground On Orange / Green
    Pin 13 Fuel Level Input Variable Resistance depending on Level Yellow / Green
    Pin 14 Fuel Sender Ground Return 0V - Ground Black
    Pin 15 Ignition Feed 0V Ignition Off, +12V Ignition On Red / Green
    Pin 16 Battery Feed +12V Continuos Blue / Orange
    Pin 17 Left Indicator Switch Input 0V Off, +12V On Green
    Pin 18 Right Indicator Switch 0V Off, +12V On Green / Blue
    Pin 19 Negative Illumination Dimming (25W) PWM Signal to Ground for Instrument Illumination Blue / Red
    Pin 20 Not Used    
    BA Falcon Instrument Cluster 8 Pin Connector
    Pin 1 Airbag Warning Lamp 0 Volts Active Black / Yellow
    Pin 2 Brake Fail 0 Volts Active Violet / White
    Pin 3 Indicators Supply Voltage +12V Continuos Yellow
    Pin 4 Right Indicator Output 0V Indicator Off, +12V Indicator On Green / Blue
    Pin 5 Can Wakeup Line 0V to wake up the Instrument Cluster Pink / Black
    Pin 6 ABS Warning Lamp 0V Warning Lamp On Orange / Black
    Pin 7 Alternator Fail Warning Lamp 0V with Ignition On, warning lamp On Green / Red
    Pin 8 Left Indicator Output 0V Indicator Off, +12V Indicator On Green
     
     Document Summary
     
    Document description: Information on Swapping BA Falcon, Fairlane, LTD FPV and Territory Instrument Clusters
    Document written by: Matti on 21 2004>, Copyright © 2007 Matti, all rights reserved.
    Document revised: 01 2007 - Revision 3.0
    Document views: 45860 since 21 2004



     

     

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